Noguchi’s designs for the stage are an important aspect of what he called “the sculpture of spaces,” complementing his landscape projects as another means of making sculpture useful in society. His most well-known works for the stage are dance sets created for Martha Graham, first in 1935 with Frontier, and most actively in the 1940s. Noguchi designed over twenty sets for Graham, and also worked with other choreographers, including Erick Hawkins, Merce Cunningham and George Balanchine. In 1955, Noguchi created his only work for the theater; sets and costumes for the controversial Royal Shakespeare Company production of King Lear, starring John Gielgud.